Jasmine Tea (and other types)


Owes its flavors to oxidation levels between green & black tea.

Jasmine Tea (and other types)

Postby yresim » Mar 8th, '06, 21:30

I had a discussion with WhiteTeaWizard and a couple of other board members regarding jasmine tea recently. Specifically, the fact that Adagio classifies its jasmine teas as oolongs, while many other companies classify their jasmine teas as greens.

As it turns out, the extra step of adding jasmine to tea partially oxidizes it. Basically, the jasmine flowers are combined with the tea before firing and left with the tea for some time. This allows the tea to oxidize slightly, resulting in a lightly-oxidized tea. So it is no longer really a "green" tea. Instead, it is a scented pouchong tea.

Pouchong is often referred to as "chinese green." The nickname may be the reason why so many companies classify it as a green tea. However, it is not technically a green tea, because it is partially oxidized.

On the other hand, pouchong is not really an oolong, either. Pouchongs are about 10-20% oxidized, whereas oolongs are 30-80% oxidized.

-------- TEA TYPES --------

Really, the source of confusion seems to be confusion over the types of tea in general.

There are only three major sub-types that everyone can agree on:
• Non-oxidized
• Partially-oxidized
• Fully-oxidized

But confusion already exists at this point in classification. Some people refer to these categories by other names. For example, non-oxidized teas may be called "non-fermented" or "GREEN". And the other two categories have the exact same problem (with partially-oxidized teas being called oolong, and completely oxidized teas being called black or red). No wonder there is so much confusion!

After that, each of the three major types is usually further divided into sub-types.

• Non-oxidized is divided into three types: green, yellow, and white
• Partially-oxidized is divided into two types: light or pouchong (lightly oxidized) and heavy or oolong (heavily oxidized). - * See Note
• Fully-oxidized is divided into three types: black/red, green pu-erh, and black/cooked pu-erh.

What differentiates all of these sub-types is the processing methods involved. All of these teas are first picked, then sorted/screened. After that, any number of things may occur to differentiate one tea from another.

For non-oxidized teas:
• White tea is withered, then dried/baked.
• Yellow tea is steamed, smothered (covered with cloth), then rolled, then dried/baked.
• Green tea is steamed or pan fired, then rolled, then dried/baked.

For partially-oxidized teas:
• Pouchong tea is withered/steamed, shaken or rolled, spread out for an extremely short time (to 10-20% oxidation), and then fried or dried.
• Oolong tea is withered, shaken or rolled, spread out for a short time (to 30-80% oxidation), and then fried or dried.

For fully-oxidized teas:
• Black tea is withered, rolled, spread out under high humidity until they have fully oxidized, and then fired.
• Green pu-erh tea is heated, rolled (sometimes), withered until 90% moisture has been removed, sorted by grade, steamed & compressed, and then stored in a dry environment to encourage slow oxidation (this is why green, or uncooked, pu-erhs benefit from aging).
• Black pu-erh tea is heated, rolled (sometimes), withered until 90% moisture has been removed, sorted by grade, oxidized for anywhere from several days to a month, and then either stored in cloth bags (loose leaf) or steamed and compressed.

-------- CLASSIFICATION OF TEAS BY TEA SHOPS --------

Many tea companies carry pouchong, but do not have a pouchong category. Therefore, they feel the need to either categorize it as green or oolong. It appears that many companies choose green, while Adagio chooses oolong. Neither is really correct, however. Unless you only recognize three types of tea. In which case, you can't have a white category (white would be classified as a "green" or "non-oxidized" tea).

The same problem, incidentally, occurs with pu-erh and yellow teas: many tea companies don't have a category for them, so they choose to place them (incorrectly) into a different category.

Perhaps the answer to this dillemma, rather than incorrectly classifying teas, is to create a category called "miscellaneous" and place all pouchong, yellow, and pu-erh teas into that category.

-------- NOTE AND SOURCES --------

* NOTE:
Some go a step farther in dividing partially-oxidized teas to include a medium (medium oxidized) category. In this case, the light category contains pouchong, the medium category contains most oolongs, and the heavy category contains champagne oolongs and ti kuan yin.

SOURCES:
http://www.pu-erh.net
http://www.tenren.com
http://www.uptontea.com
http://www.planet-tea.com
http://www.jingteashop.com
http://www.theteacaddy.com
http://www.imperialteagarden.com
http://chinesetea.journalspace.com
http://www.teaandcoffee.net
http://www.e-teas.co.uk
http://www.geocities.com/lgol27
http://www.enonline.sh.cn
http://www.whfoods.com
http://www.relaxsipenjoy.com

Hope that helps clarify things a little bit. Sorry for the length.

~Yresim~
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Postby mijako10 » Mar 13th, '06, 17:17

I get it!
I was kind of confused as to why Adagio didn't carry green jasmine tea but now I understand.

Thank you!
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Postby illium » Mar 13th, '06, 17:59

yresim -

I agree with you on all points except the classification of Pu Er.

The difference between Pu Er tea and regular tea is the addition of a fermentation cycle after oxidation. This is an actual fermentation process, rather than the common confusion of someone calling it fermentation when it's really oxidation.

But there are as many varieties of Pu Er as there are regular tea. You can start with White, Yellow, Green, Oolong, or Black tea and make a fermented tea from it. No additional oxidation is incurred by the fermentation process.

Hence, White Pu Er (made from white tea, uncooked), Green (made from green tea, uncooked) Pu Er, Black Pu Er (aka Red Pu Er, starts with Oolong, cooked once, like oolong there are lighter and darker, hence some of the lighter varieties are referred to as Red), and Double Cooked Black Pu Er are the basic categories.

By far the most common are the Black/Red Pu Ers.
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Postby Molly » Apr 13th, '06, 12:28

Wow. This was very, very helpful! Thanks!
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Postby Phyll » Apr 13th, '06, 14:57

One of the best and informative opinions! Thanks, Yserim and Illium! I'm saving the text as a future reference.
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Postby maxman » Apr 15th, '06, 19:45

I'm new here. Just checking things out. Thanks for the interesting post. Jasmine is my daily tea.
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Postby Chip » Apr 26th, '06, 23:47

We were having a fairly lively dicussion on S12 Dragon Phoenix Jasmine pearls on the IM this evening. Snow on Cedar was having problems with it, so I told him/her that I would address it here.

This happens to be by far my fav scented jasmine...although mine was from a different source. The leaves have such a beautiful jasmine scent, and it brews up to an incredibly smooth soothing tea with a amazing aroma and taste. Following very simple brewing steps, I get 3 very good infusions with the 2nd being the best. There is no smokiness that I've noticed with lesser Jasmines. It is an authentic scented tea, not flavored like some vendors try to pawn off on unsuspecting customers.
Snow, this is how I brew it and it comes out perfect everytime...if yours doesn't, then it is a quality problem.

Place 1 teapoon (2.3 grams) of pearls in your infuser for a 6 oz cup. Place the infuser into your teacup.
Boil your water.
Poor water immediately into an empty teapot or simular vessel.
Then within usually 30 seconds or so, pour the water that should now be cooled to 180 degrees over the pearls and brew for exactly 3 min and remove the infuser promptly. Your tea should have an amazing bouquet.
For successive infusions add 1 min each time.


I have done this 100's of times for this tea and never had a bad cup!!! Let me know how you make out.
And like I said, if you still have problems, I would suspect a problem with the tea and you should contact the vendor immediately.
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